Patios and corralas
A Patio (courtyard) is an open space located inside a building and usually surrounded by a columned portico reminiscent of Roman peristyle. It is a typically Spanish architectural element, so much so that it is repeated under very different appearance, in palaces, in religious architecture and the more recent examples of popular buildings.
However, when it comes to yards in a strict sense, the most famous are those of Andalusia and Cordoba in particular, direct heirs of the Roman peristyle, which the Muslims turned into true oases by enhancing the plants. The patios are distinguished by the explosion of plants and flowers inside the house: jasmine, orange blossom and geraniums, but also roses, orchids and carnations each year struggle to win a courtyard contest held for almost a century.
Unlike the courtyards of Cordoba, in Toledo the most important thing is the architectural element and crafts. Here the columns, capitals, balusters, wells and tanks made with a wide variety of materials - marble, granite and, in the case of more recent courtyards, metal - replace the smooth walls and flowers.
Toledo is a city steeped in history that has been passed by all cultures. Among the more than a thousand yards this city hides behind the facades of its buildings, there are some that date back to the fourteenth century. During the week of Corpus Christi, the most important festival of the city that is held before the start of summer, fifty of these courtyards are open to the public offering various activities such as concerts, tours, storytelling and tasting sessions.
The corrala, on the other hand, is a type dwelling in Madrid that shares the idea of an open space within a building using the yards, but with the difference that this building has more floors and interior corridors that connect the different floors.
The first corralas began to be built in the sixteenth century, when the court moved to the capital and a rural exodus occurred. Population pressure combined with the prohibition of building outside the boundary of Madrid, and the corrala became the perfect legal solution, because it managed to accommodate many people in relatively little space.
Hence the essentially popular nature of this type of housing: in their yards baptisms, birthday parties, plays and even beauty pageants are held. A peculiar lifestyle writer which the writer Benito Perez Galdos immortalizes in his famous work Fortunata y Jacinta.
Patio Cordobés, provided by the city council of Córdoba.
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